(Lat. "shadows, darkness")
   A special divine office combining matins and lauds sung for Thursday, Friday, and Saturday of Holy Week in the Roman Catholic rite. A total of 15 psalms are sung, a candle being extinguished after each until "shadows" remain. The Cæremoniale episcoporum of 1752 directed that the of-fices be anticipated, that is, sung shortly after Compline of the previous day, probably in late afternoon, although local practices varied. Texts set polyphonically from the 15th century on included the Lamentations of Jeremiah from matins and the Benedictus and Miserere from Lauds.

Historical dictionary of sacred music. . 2006.

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